How Will Brexit Affect The Good Friday Agreement
Governance: Although the DUP and Sinn Féin (Northern Ireland`s main nationalist party) were opposed to the Brexit debate, a few months after the referendum they sent a joint letter13 to Prime Minister May, with common concerns about the impact on Northern Ireland. The region`s voice has been absent from these talks since January 2017, when the power-sharing executive – a key component of the Good Friday agreement – collapsed after differences between these parties over mismanagement of a green energy programme. Repeated attempts to restore government have failed, amid disagreements over the Irish Language Act14 and the polarizing nature of Brexit policy. From a practical point of view, there is currently no government15 in Belfast: officials stop the lights, but hesitate to make politically sensitive decisions, the British Foreign Secretary for Northern Ireland is under nominal control and Westminster has adopted a budget to keep the region solvent. In the event of a no-deal Brexit, the senior British official recommended imposing a direct rule to deal with the consequences;16 Although London regained decision-making power from Belfast at various times in the first decade after the deal, the suspension of decentralized government would now be controversial. There are cases in history where national leaders have been forced into treaties. But only Boris Johnson claims to have accidentally signed an international agreement. In the Prime Minister`s account last year, the UK was put into a low-quality Brexit deal. The events unfolded « to the rhythm »; politics is « difficult »; European rules have been smuggled into the fine print. Parliament must therefore pass a law that does not agree with the agreement.
To fix the agreement, you have to break the agreement. In the deal reached with May, the DUP promised to support May`s positions on important policy decisions. In exchange, May`s party renewed its commitment to maintaining the union between Northern Ireland and Britain and provided more than a billion pounds in funding. On October 2, Johnson presented a possible replacement for the 2018 Irish backstop and proposed that Northern Ireland remain aligned with the EU when it comes to product standards, while remaining on UK customs territory. This would require product controls between Britain and Northern Ireland, but no customs controls for goods that would have to remain in the UK. As regards the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic, his proposal would involve customs controls between Northern Ireland and the Republic (perhaps supported by technology implemented far from the border), but not product and security controls on the island of Ireland.  The EU opposed this.  The US could accept any Brexit deal reached by Britain and the EU, with the exception of no deal.
In an ideal world, the United States Government would have facilitated dialogue between the parties as in the past; For example, it could have helped negotiate an acceptable variant of a backstop only for Northern Ireland or supported the restoration efforts of the decentralised government. At this point, government interventions, which defend a party to their own advantage, are seen as inconvenient rather than helpful. But at least it should refrain from supporting a disastrous no-deal Brexit, which the UK government`s contingency plans33 show would have far-reaching negative consequences, including the long-standing US interest in a peaceful and prosperous Northern Ireland. As a result, people and goods are currently crossing the border non-stop. In the proposed Withdrawal Agreement, the special regime for Northern Ireland would end if a solution could be found that would provide a border as immortal as it has become since the Good Friday Brexit Agreement. Such a solution has yet to be identified from June 2019 [update]. Partial solutions were proposed but were not considered appropriate….