Agreement On Ending The War And Restoring Peace In Vietnam
First of all, to the people and government of South Vietnam: through your courage, through your sacrifices, you have earned the precious right to determine your own future and you have developed the strength to defend this right. We look forward to working with you in the future – friends at peace, because we were allies in the war. The formal declaration is thus closed. During the years of negotiations, we have insisted on peace with honour. In my speeches to the nation on 25 January and 8 May , I set out the objectives that we consider essential for peace with honour. To the other great Powers, which have also participated indirectly: it is now time for reciprocal restraint so that the peace we have achieved can endure. The last major breakthrough came on October 8, 1972. Previously, North Vietnam had been disappointed by the results of its Nguyen Hue offensive (known in the west as the Easter Offensive), which led the United States to retaliate with « Operation Linebacker, » a major aerial bomb campaign that blunted the advance from north to south and caused damage to the north. They also feared increasing isolation if Nixon`s détente efforts significantly improved U.S. relations with the communist high powers, the Soviet Union and the People`s Republic of China, which supported the military efforts of northern Vietnam.
In a meeting with Kissinger, Th𓐥 significantly changed his negotiating line, allowing the Saigon government to stay in power and allow the two South Vietnamese sides to develop a final settlement. Within 10 days, a final draft was drawn up during the secret discussions. Kissinger held a press conference in Washington during which he announced that « peace is near. » We will continue to assist South Vietnam within the framework of the agreement and support the efforts of the people of South Vietnam to resolve their problems peacefully among themselves. I remember the last time I spoke to him. It was just the day after the New Year. He was talking then about his willingness to bring peace, to make it the right kind of peace, and I was grateful that he reiterated his support for my efforts to achieve such peace. No one would have appreciated this peace more than he did. To the leaders of North Vietnam: Since we ended the war through negotiation, we should now build a peace of reconciliation. For our part, we stand ready to make great efforts to contribute to the achievement of that goal. But just as reciprocity was necessary to end the war, it will also be necessary to build and strengthen peace.
The ceasefire will come into effect on January 27, 1973 at 2400 Greenwich Mean Time. The United States and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam express the hope that this agreement will ensure a stable peace in Vietnam and contribute to the maintenance of a lasting peace in Indochina and Southeast Asia. On January 15, 1973, President Nixon announced the suspension of offensive actions against North Vietnam. Kissinger and Th𓐥 met again on January 23 and signed a treaty substantially identical to the draft three months earlier. The agreement was signed by the heads of official delegations on January 27, 1973 at the Majestic Hotel in Paris, France. At the time of the peace agreement, the United States agreed to replace the equipment individually. But the United States did not keep its word. Is the word of an American reliable these days? The United States has not kept its promise to help us fight for freedom, and in the same fight, the United States has lost 50,000 of its young men.  The fundamental elements of the Agreement on the End of the War and the Restoration of Peace in Vietnam, signed on January 27, 1973 at the Paris International Conference Center, provided for the end of the fighting and the withdrawal of American forces. . . .